Start MATLAB program (UNIX platforms)
matlab -c licensefile
matlab -Ddebugger options
matlab -jdb portnumber
matlab -logfile filename
matlab -mwvisual visualid
matlab -r "command"
matlab is a Bourne shell script that starts the MATLAB executable on UNIX® platforms. (In this document, matlab refers to this script; MATLAB refers to the application program). Before actually initiating the execution of MATLAB, this script configures the run-time environment by:
Determining the MATLAB root folder
Determining the host machine architecture
Processing any command line options
Reading the MATLAB startup file, .matlab7rc.sh
Setting MATLAB environment variables
There are two ways in which you can control the way the matlab script works:
By specifying command line options
By assigning values in the MATLAB startup file, .matlab7rc.sh
Note: On Apple Macintosh platforms, the matlab script is located inside the MATLAB application package:
To run the matlab script from Terminal, specify the full path as shown above, or cd to the bin directory within the application package and preface the command with ./ characters. For example:
./matlab -nojvm -nodisplay -nosplash -r "myfun(10,30)"
Options that you can enter at the command line are as follows:
matlab helpOption displays information that matches the specified helpOption argument without starting MATLAB. helpOption can be any one of the keywords shown in the table below. Enter only one helpOption keyword in a matlab command.
matlab envDispOption displays the values of environment variables passed to MATLAB or their values just prior to exiting MATLAB. envDispOption can be either one of the options shown in the table below.
matlab archOption starts MATLAB and assumes that you are running on the system architecture specified by arch, or using the MATLAB version specified by variant, or both. The values for the archOption argument are shown in the table below. Enter only one of these options in a matlab command.
matlab -c licensefile starts MATLAB using the specified license file. The licensefile argument can have the form port@host or it can be a colon-separated list of license filenames. This option causes the LM_LICENSE_FILE and MLM_LICENSE_FILE environment variables to be ignored.
matlab -debug starts MATLAB and displays debugging information that can be useful, especially for X based problems. This option should be used only when working with a Technical Support Representative from The MathWorks, Inc.
matlab -jdb portnumber starts MATLAB, enabling use of the Java debugger. If you specify a port number, the Java debugger uses that port to communicate with MATLAB. You can specify any port number in the range 0-65535 that is not reserved or currently in use by another application on your system. By default, MATLAB uses port 4444. If you are running multiple MATLAB sessions and want to use the Java debugger, be sure to specify a port number.
matlab -nouserjavapath disables javaclasspath.txt and javalibrarypath.txt files.
matlab -r "command" starts MATLAB and executes the specified MATLAB command. Include the command in double quotation marks ("command"). If command is the name of a MATLAB function or script, do not specify the file extension. Use semicolons or commas to separate multiple statements.
The .matlab7rc.sh shell script contains definitions for a number of variables that the matlab script uses. These variables are defined within the matlab script, but can be redefined in .matlab7rc.sh. When invoked, matlab looks for the first occurrence of .matlab7rc.sh in the current folder, in the home folder ($HOME), and in the matlabroot/bin folder, where the template version of .matlab7rc.sh is located.
You can edit the template file to redefine information used by the matlab script. If you do not want your changes applied systemwide, copy the edited version of the script to your current or home folder. Ensure that you edit the section that applies to your machine architecture.
The following table lists the variables defined in the.matlab7rc.sh file. See the comments in the .matlab7rc.sh file for more information about these variables.
The matlab script determines the path of the MATLAB root folder by looking up the folder tree from the matlabroot/bin folder (where the matlab script is located). The MATLAB variable is then used to locate all files within the MATLAB folder tree.
You can change the definition of MATLAB if, for example, you want to run a different version of MATLAB or if, for some reason, the path determined by the matlab script is not correct. (This can happen when certain types of automounting schemes are used by your system.)